T4 DNA Ligase

Not sure which ligase to choose? Refer to our DNA and RNA Ligase Properties Chart. 
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recombinant unique buffer heat inactivation
Catalog #SizeConcentrationPriceQtyAdd to Cart
M0202S20,000 units400,000 units/ml$64.00Add to Cart
M0202T20,000 units2,000,000 units/ml$64.00Add to Cart
M0202L100,000 units400,000 units/ml$256.00Add to Cart
M0202M100,000 units2,000,000 units/ml$256.00Add to Cart
  
Categories:
DNA Ligase Products
Applications:
BioBrick® Assembly,
Cloning Ligation,
DNA Ligation

Description

Catalyzes the formation of a phosphodiester bond between juxtaposed 5' phosphate and 3' hydroxyl termini in duplex DNA or RNA. This enzyme will join blunt end and cohesive end termini as well as repair single stranded nicks in duplex DNA and some DNA/RNA hybrids (1). T4 DNA ligase will seal nicks for these DNA substrates.

For details on NEB's quality controls for DNA ligases, visit our Ligase Quality page.

T4 DNA Ligase Competitor Study - Nuclease Contamination
T4 DNA Ligase Competitor Study- Nuclease Contamination
T4 DNA Ligase from multiple suppliers was tested in reactions containing a fluorescent labeled single stranded, double stranded blunt, 3’overhang or 5’ overhang containing oligonucleotides. The percent degradation by contaminating nucleases is determined by capillary electrophoresis and peak analysis. The resolution is at the single nucleotide level.

Highlights

  • Isolated from a recombinant source
  • Supplied with 10X Reaction Buffer

Product Source

Purified from E. coli C600 pcl857 pPLc28 lig8 (2).

Reagents Supplied

The following reagents are supplied with this product:

Store at (°C)Concentration
T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer-2010X

Advantages and Features

Applications

  • Cloning of restriction fragments
  • Joining linkers and adapters to blunt-ended DNA

Properties and Usage

Unit Definition

One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme required to give 50% ligation of HindIII fragments of λ DNA (5´ DNA termini concentration of 0.12 µM, 300- µg/ml) in a total reaction volume of 20 μl in 30 minutes at 16°C in 1X T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer.

Concentration:
400,000 cohesive end units/ml and 2,000,000 cohesive end units/ml

Reaction Conditions

1X T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer
Incubate at 16°C

1X T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer:
50 mM Tris-HCl
10 mM MgCl2
1 mM ATP
10 mM DTT
pH 7.5 @ 25°C

Storage Temperature

-20°C

Storage Conditions

10 mM Tris-HCl
50 mM KCl
1 mM DTT
0.1 mM EDTA
50% Glycerol
pH 7.4 @ 25°C

Heat Inactivation

65°C for 10 min

Notes

  1. ATP is an essential cofactor for the reaction. This contrasts with E. coli DNA ligase which requires NAD.
  2. To dilute T4 DNA Ligase that will subsequently be stored at -20°C, 50% glycerol storage buffer (Diluent Buffer A,NEB #B8001S) should be used; to dilute for immediate use, 1X T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer can be used.
  3. Ligation can also be performed in any of the four restriction endonuclease NEBuffers or in T4 Polynucleotide Kinase Buffer if they are supplemented with 1 mM ATP.
  4. Room Temperature Ligation:
    For convenience, ligations may be done at room temperature (20-25°C). For cohesive (sticky) ends, use 1 µl of T4 DNA Ligase in a 20 µl reaction for 10 minutes. For blunt ends, use 1 µl of T4 DNA Ligase in a 20 µl reaction for 2 hours or 1 µl high concentration T4 DNA Ligase for 10 minutes. Alternatively, NEB's Quick Ligation Kit (#M2200S) [30 reactions] or (#M2200L) [150 reactions]) is uniquely formulated to ligate both blunt and cohesive (sticky) ends in 5 minutes at room temperature.

References

  1. Engler, M.J. and Richardson, C.C. (1982). P.D. Boyer(Ed.), 5, 3. San Diego: Academic Press.
  2. Remaut, E., Tsao, H. and Fiers, W. (1983). Gene. 22, 103-113.
  3. Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989). Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, (2nd Ed.). 1.53-1.73.

FAQs

  1. What are some potential problems with the ligation reaction using T4 DNA Ligase that can lead to transformation failure?
  2. What are some other problems that should be considered when troubleshooting a transformation problem?
  3. What problems can be encountered in the restriction digest that can cause ligation using T4 DNA Ligase or subsequent transformation to fail?
  4. What controls should be run to test the cells and DNA when using T4 DNA Ligase?
  5. When should T4 DNA Ligase be the enzyme of choice?
  6. Can the T4 DNA Ligase be used with the Quick Ligase buffer?
  7. What is the definition of a Weiss Unit and a Cohesive End Unit?
  8. What is the difference between the two definitions and why does NEB use the Cohesive End Unit?
  9. How much DNA should be used in a ligation using T4 DNA Ligase?
  10. Can T4 DNA Ligase be used in other NEBuffers, including CutSmart?
  11. Can T4 DNA Ligase be heat inactivated?

Protocols

  1. Ligation Protocol with T4 DNA Ligase (M0202)

Datacards

The Product Summary Sheet, or Data Card, includes details for how to use the product, as well as details of its formulation and quality controls. The following file naming structure is used to name the majority of these document files: [Catalog Number]Datasheet-Lot[Lot Number]. For those product lots not listed below, please contact NEB at info@neb.com or fill out the Technical Support Form for appropriate document.

Selection Charts

Usage Guidelines & Tips

Troubleshooting Guides

Application Notes

Citations

  • Sexton T, Kurukuti S, Mitchell JA, Umlauf D, Nagano T, Fraser P (2012). Sensitive detection of chromatin coassociations using enhanced chromosome conformation capture on chip Nat Protoc. 7(7), 1335-50. PubMedID: 22722369, DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2012.071

Quality Control

Quality Control Assays

The following Quality Control Tests are performed on each new lot and meet the specifications designated for the product. Individual lot data can be found on the Product Summary Sheet/Datacard or Manual which can be found in the Supporting Documents section of this page. Further information regarding NEB product quality can be found here.
  • Endonuclease Activity (Nicking):
    The product is tested in a reaction containing a supercoiled DNA substrate. After incubation for 4 hours the percent converted to the nicked form is determined by agarose gel electrophoresis.
  • Exonuclease Activity (Radioactivity Release):
    The product is tested in a reaction containing a radiolabeled mixture of single and double-stranded DNA. After incubation for 4 hours the exonuclease activity is determined by the % release of radioactive nucleotides.
  • Non-Specific DNase Activity (16 hour):
    The product is tested for non-specific nuclease degradation in a reaction containing a DNA substrate. After incubation for 16 hours there is no detectable degradation of the DNA substrate as determined by agarose gel electrophoresis.
  • Protein Purity (SDS-PAGE):
    The physical purity is assessed by comparing contaminating protein bands in a concentrated sample to the protein of interest band in a sample of known dilution. The purity is determined by SDS-PAGE.

Certificate of Analysis

The Certificate of Analysis (COA) is a signed document that includes the storage temperature, expiration date and quality control's for an individual lot. The following file naming structure is used to name these document files: [Product Number]_[Size]_[Version]_[Lot Number]

Specifications

The Specification sheet is a document that includes the storage temperature, shelf life and the specifications designated for the product. The following file naming structure is used to name these document files: [Product Number]_[Size]_[Version]

Safety Data Sheet

The following is a list of Safety Data Sheet (SDS) that apply to this product to help you use it safely.

Datacards

The Product Summary Sheet, or Data Card, includes details for how to use the product, as well as details of its formulation and quality controls. The following file naming structure is used to name the majority of these document files: [Catalog Number]Datasheet-Lot[Lot Number]. For those product lots not listed below, please contact NEB at info@neb.com or fill out the Technical Support Form for appropriate document.