NEB® Golden Gate Assembly Mix
- Catalog # E1600 was discontinued on October 18, 2018
- Seamless cloning – no scar remains following assembly
- Includes destination plasmid with T7/SP6 promoters
- Ordered assembly of multiple fragments in a single reaction
- Can also be used for cloning of single inserts
- Efficient with regions with high GC content and areas of repeats
- Compatible with a broad range of fragment sizes (< 100 bp to > 15 kb)
- Free tool available at GoldenGate.neb.com
Golden Gate Assembly Workflow
The NEB Golden Gate Assembly Mix contains an optimized mix of BsaI and T4 DNA Ligase. Together these enzymes, along with a highly optimized buffer, can direct the assembly of multiple inserts/modules using the Golden Gate approach. Also provided is the pGGA destination plasmid, which provides a backbone for your assembly, and features convenient restriction enzyme sites for subcloning, and has T7/SP6 promoter sequences to enable in vitro transcription.
The efficient and seamless assembly of DNA fragments, commonly referred to as Golden Gate assembly (1,2), has its origins in 1996, when for the first time it was shown that multiple inserts could be assembled into a vector backbone using only the sequential (3) or simultaneous (4) activities of a single type IIS restriction enzyme and T4 DNA Ligase.
Type IIS restriction enzymes bind to their recognition sites but cut the DNA downstream from that site at a positional, not sequence-specific, cut site. Thus, a single Type IIS restriction enzyme can be used to generate DNA fragments with unique overhangs. As an example, BsaI has a recognition site of GGTCTC(N1/ N5), where the GGTCTC represents the recognition/binding site, and the N1/ N5 indicates the cut site is one base downstream on the top strand, and five bases downstream on the bottom strand. Assembly of digested fragments proceeds through annealing of complementary four base overhangs on adjacent fragments. The digested fragments and the final assembly no longer contain Type IIS restriction enzyme recognition sites, so no further cutting is possible. The assembly product accumulates with time.
While particularly useful for multi-fragment assemblies such as Transcription Activator Like Effectors (TALEs)(5) and TALEs fused to a FokI nuclease catalytic domain (TALENs)(6), the Golden Gate method can also be used for cloning of single inserts. To learn more about the Golden Gate Assembly workflow, watch this video tutorial.
To help select the best DNA assembly method for your needs, please use our Synthetic Biology/DNA Assembly Selection Chart.
The following reagents are supplied with this product:
Store at (°C) Concentration NEB® Golden Gate Buffer -20 10X NEB® Golden Gate Assembly Mix -20 pGGA Destination Plasmid -20
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Golden Gate Assembly Workflow
NEB TV Ep. 8 – Cloning and DNA Assembly
NEB TV Ep. 12 – Applications of DNA Assembly
NEB TV Ep. 1 – Synthetic Biology
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