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  • Acids and Bases

    Compound Formula Molecular Weight Specific Gravity % by Weight Conc. Reagent Molarity
    Acetic acid, glacial CH3COOH 60.0 1.05 99.5 17.4
    Formic acid HCOOH 46.0 1.20 90 23.4
    Hydrochloric acid HCl 36.5 1.18 36 11.6
    Nitric acid HNO3 63.0 1.42 71 16.0
    Perchloric acid HClO4 100.5 1.67 70 11.6
    Phosphoric acid H3PO4 98.0 1.70 85 18.1
    Sulfuric acid H2SO4 98.1 1.84 96 18.0
    Ammonium hydroxide NH4OH 35.0 0.90 28 14.8
    Potassium hydroxide KOH 56.1 1.52 50 13.5
    Sodium hydroxide NaOH 40.0 1.53 50 19.1
    β-mercaptoethanol HSCH2CH2OH 78.1 1.11 100 14.3