Protocol for Genomic DNA Extraction from Blood Stabilized with Monarch® DNA/RNA Protection Reagent (NEB #T2011) using the Monarch Genomic DNA Purification Kit (NEB #T3010)


This protocol enables the genomic DNA extraction from 200 µl stabilized blood solution.


  • Monarch DNA/RNA Protection Reagent (NEB #T2011L)

Before You Begin

  • Store RNase A and Proteinase K at -20°C.
  • Add ethanol (≥ 95%) to the Monarch gDNA Wash Buffer concentrate as indicated on the bottle label.
  • Set a thermal mixer (e.g., ThermoMixer® or similar device) or a heating block to 56°C for sample lysis.
  • Set a heating block to 60°C. Preheat the appropriate volume of elution buffer to 60°C (35–100 μl per sample). Confirm the temperature, as temperatures are often lower than indicated on the device.
  • Do not load a single column with the lysed sample more than once; over-exposure of the matrix to the lysed sample can cause the membrane to expand and dislodge.

Sample stabilization

  • Mammalian blood samples can be stabilized by mixing 1 volume of blood with 1 volume of Monarch DNA/RNA Protection Reagent.
  • Nucleated blood samples (birds, fish, reptiles) can be stabilized by mixing 10 µl blood with 90 µl cold PBS and 100 µl Monarch DNA/RNA Protection Reagent.

Sample storage

  • Long-term storage (> 30 days): Use of freezers at –20 or –80°C is recommended.
  • Medium-term storage (1-4 weeks): Refrigeration can be used.
  • Short-term storage (< 7 days): Samples may be stored at 20-25°C.


Genomic DNA Purification Consists of Two Stages:

PART 1: Sample Lysis

PART 2: Genomic DNA Binding and Elution


Part 1: Sample lysis

  1. To 200 µl stabilized blood solution add 10 μl Proteinase K and 200 μl of Blood Lysis Buffer and mix by vortexing.

  2. Incubate for 5 minutes at 56°C in a thermal mixer with agitation at full speed (1400 rpm or 2000 rpm if available). If an incubator with agitation is not available, use a heating block and vortex once or twice during the incubation.

  3. Add 3 µl RNase A and incubate for 5 minutes as in step 2.

  4. Proceed to Step 1 of Part 2: Genomic DNA Binding and Elution.


Part 2: Genomic DNA binding and elution

  1. Add 350 μl gDNA Binding Buffer to the sample and mix thoroughly by pulse-vortexing for 5-10 seconds. Thorough mixing is essential for optimal results.

  2. Transfer the lysate/binding buffer mix (~750 μl) to a gDNA Purification Column pre-inserted into a collection tube, without touching the upper column area. Do not transfer any foam. Proceed immediately to step 3. Do not reload the same column with more sample; over-exposure of the matrix to the lysed sample can cause the membrane to expand and dislodge.

    Any material that touches the upper area of the column, including foam, may lead to salt contamination in the eluate.

  3. Close the cap and centrifuge: first for 3 minutes at 2,000 x g to bind gDNA (no need to empty the collection tubes or remove from centrifuge) and then for 1 minute at maximum speed (> 12,000 x g) to clear the membrane. Discard the flow-through and the collection tube. For optimal results, ensure that the spin column is placed in the centrifuge in the same orientation at each spin step (for example, always with the hinge pointing to the outside of the centrifuge); ensuring the liquid follows the same path through the membrane for binding and elution can slightly improve yield and consistency.

  4. Transfer column to a new collection tube and add 500 μl gDNA Wash Buffer. Close the cap and invert a few times, so that the wash buffer reaches the cap. Centrifuge immediately for 1 minute at maximum speed (12,000 x g), and discard the flow through. The collection tube can be tapped on a paper towel to remove any residual buffer before reusing it in the next step. Inverting the spin column containing wash buffer prevents salt contamination in the eluate.

  5. Reinsert the column into the collection tube. Add 500 μl gDNA Wash Buffer and close the cap. Centrifuge immediately for 1 minute at maximum speed (>12,000 x g), then discard the collection tube and flow through.

  6. Place the gDNA Purification Column in a DNase-free 1.5 ml microfuge tube (not included). Add 35-100 μl preheated (60°C) gDNA Elution Buffer, close the cap and incubate at 60°C temperature for 5 minutes. Elution in 100 μl is recommended, but smaller volumes can be used and will result in more concentrated DNA but a reduced yield (20–25% reduction when using 35 μl). Eluting with preheated elution buffer will increase yields by ~20–40% and eliminates the need for a second elution. For applications in which a high DNA concentration is required, using a small elution volume and then eluting again with the eluate may increase yield (~10%). Incubation at 60°C for 5 minutes will give higher yields as it helps elute a larger proportion of the tough-to-elute long gDNA fragments. The elution buffer (10 mM Tris-Cl, pH 9.0, 0.1 mM EDTA) offers strong protection against enzymatic degradation and is optimal for long term storage of DNA. However, other low-salt buffers or nuclease-free water can be used if preferred. For more details on optimizing elution, please refer to “Considerations for Elution & Storage” in the product manual.

  7. Centrifuge for 1 minute at maximum speed (> 12,000 x g) to elute the gDNA. Discard spin column and close cap. Vortex eluate briefly for homogeneity.
  1. Tips for Successful GenomicDNAExtractionfromBloodSamples

    Tips for Successful Genomic DNA Extraction from Blood Samples

    Get helpful tips for DNA extraction from blood samples using the Monarch Genomic DNA Purification Kit