DNA Amplification

PCR & Reaction Cleanup

Purification of DNA from a PCR reaction is typically necessary for downstream use, and facilitates the removal of enzymes, nucleotides, primers and buffer components. Traditionally this was accomplished using organic extraction methods, such as phenol chloroform extraction, followed by ethanol precipitation. With this method, the PCR reaction is mixed with a phenol-chloroform mixture. The organic phase then separates from the aqueous phase, taking with it any proteins or enzymes that were in the original sample. The amplified DNA remains in the aqueous layer of the mixture, along with other reaction components (e.g., buffers, nucleotides and primers). The desired DNA in the aqueous phase can then be separated from other contaminants by ethanol precipitation.

Today, there are faster and less hazardous methods available. Commonly used methods employ spin columns containing a silica matrix to which DNA can be selectively bound in the presence of chaotropic salts. Other reaction components, such as enzymes, nucleotides, detergents, and primers either do not bind well or are removed during the wash steps. Finally, the DNA is eluted from the columns under low-salt conditions and is ready for demanding downstream applications.

FAQs for PCR & Reaction Cleanup

Protocols for PCR & Reaction Cleanup

Legal Information

This product is covered by one or more patents, trademarks and/or copyrights owned or controlled by New England Biolabs, Inc (NEB).

While NEB develops and validates its products for various applications, the use of this product may require the buyer to obtain additional third party intellectual property rights for certain applications.

For more information about commercial rights, please contact NEB's Global Business Development team at gbd@neb.com.

This product is intended for research purposes only. This product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.

  1. Monarch_PCRCleanupProtocol_VideoThumb

    Monarch PCR & DNA Cleanup Kit protocol

    Learn how to isolate DNA from your enzymatic reactions, including PCR, using the Monarch PCR & DNA Cleanup Kit (5 µg).

  2. monarch_pcrcleanuptips_videothumb

    Tips for using the Monarch PCR & DNA Cleanup Kit

    Optimize your DNA isolation from PCR and other enzymatic reactions with our quick tips for using the Monarch PCR & DNA Cleanup Kit.

  3. Monarch_HowToRecycle_VideoThumb

    How to recycle your Monarch Kit components

    Learn how you can easily recycle all of the components in your Monarch Kits.