Protocol for Cells: cDNA Synthesis, Amplification and Library Generation (E6420)

Symbols

This is a point where you can safely stop the protocol and store the samples prior to proceeding to the next step in the protocol.

This caution sign signifies a step in the protocol that has two paths leading to the same end point but is dependent on a user variable, like the type of RNA input.
Colored bullets indicate the cap color of the reagent to be added to a reaction.
 

Sample Recommendations

This protocol is intended for isolated cultured or primary cells, but is not compatible with fixed cells.

Cells should be intact and sorted in cell lysis buffer provided in the kit. See Section 1.2 for cell lysis buffer dilution and recommended volumes before use. Cells should be washed and resuspended in PBS prior to isolation/sorting. Carryover of media may affect the cDNA synthesis efficiency.

Starting Material Isolated single, tens or hundred cells.

Typical Yield of cDNA from a Reaction

Actual yields will depend on the quality and quantity of the cell/input RNA and the mRNA content of the sample. Typical cDNA yields range between 5–15 ng based on the PCR cycle recommendations provided in Section 1.5.

Typical Yield of Illumina Library from a Reaction

Actual yields will depend on the quality and quantity of the input cDNA. Typical library yields range between 100 ng–1 µg based on the PCR cycle recommendations provided in Section 1.11.

 

Notes

Keep all buffers and enzymes on ice, unless otherwise indicated.

 

1.1. Sample and Reagents Preparation

1.1.1. Briefly centrifuge the tubes containing NEBNext Single Cell RT Enzyme Mix and Murine RNase Inhibitor to collect solutions to the bottom of the tubes, then place on ice.

1.1.2. Thaw all other frozen components at room temperature (if the 10X NEBNext Cell Lysis Buffer appears cloudy after thawing, incubate briefly at 37°C to clear up the solution).

1.1.3. Mix each component thoroughly, centrifuge briefly to collect solutions to the bottom of the tube, and then place on ice. Leave the 10X NEBNext Cell Lysis Buffer at room temperature.

 

1.2.Cell Collection and Lysis

1.2.1. If the carryover volume from cell isolation/sorting is < 1 µl, cells can be dispensed directly into 1X NEBNext Cell Lysis Buffer (without accounting for added volume). If carryover volume from cell isolation/sorting is ≥ 1 µl, skip to Step 1.2.5.

Prepare 1X NEBNext Cell Lysis Buffer in an RNase-free tube as follows:

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
symbol_white (white) NEBNext Cell LysisBuffer (10X)
0.5 µl
symbol_white (white) Murine RNase Inhibitor
0.25 µl
Nuclease-free water
4.25 µl
Total Volume
5 µl

1.2.2. Mix solution thoroughly by pipetting, avoiding bubbles. Centrifuge briefly to collect solution to the bottom of the tube.

1.2.3. Dispense cells directly into 5 µl 1X Cell Lysis Buffer. After dispensing, cells can be flash-frozen and stored at -80°C for future use, or lysed as outlined in Step 1.2.4.

1.2.4. Incubate at room temperature for 5 minutes and then proceed immediately to Section 1.3

1.2.5. If the carryover volume from cell isolation/sorting is ≥ 1 µl or the cells have already been collected in a solution with a volume ≥ 1 µl, prepare a Cell Lysis Buffer according to the table below, accounting for the carryover cell volume. Cells can be flash frozen and stored at -80°C for future use or lysed as outlined in Step 1.2.6.

REAGENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
Carryover Cell Volume
1-5 µl
symbol_white (white) NEBNext Cell LysisBuffer (10X)
0.8 µl
symbol_white (white) Murine RNase Inhibitor
0.4 µl
Nuclease-free water
Variable
(based on carryover cell volume)
Total Volume
8 µl

1.2.6.Incubate at room temperature for 5 minutes and then proceed immediately to Section 1.3.

 

1.3.Primer Annealing for First Strand Synthesis

Follow Step 1.3.1A for carryover volumes < 1 µl.

Follow Step 1.3.1B for carryover volumes ≥ 1 µl.

 

1.3.1. To anneal cDNA Primer with RNA templates in the sample, prepare the reaction as follows (on ice):

1.3.1A. Carryover Volume < 1 µl

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
Lysed Cell (Step 1.2.4)
5 µl
 (lilac) NEBNext Single Cell RT Primer Mix
1 µl
Nuclease-free water
µl
Total Volume
9 µl

  

1.3.1B. Carryover Volume ≥ 1 µl

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
Lysed Cell (Step 1.2.6)
8 µl
 (lilac) NEBNext Single Cell RT Primer Mix
1 µl
Total Volume
9 µl

1.3.2. Mix well by pipetting up and down gently at least 10 times, then centrifuge briefly to collect solution to the bottom of the tube.

1.3.3. Incubate for 5 minutes at 70°C in a thermocycler with the heated lid set to 105°C, then hold at 4ºC until next step.

During the above annealing step, prepare the components for the following step.

 

1.4.Reverse Transcription (RT) and Template Switching

1.4.1. Vortex the NEBNext Single Cell RT Buffer, then prepare the RT mix in a separate tube as follows (adding NEBNext Single Cell RT Enzyme Mix last) on ice.

Note: It is important to vortex the buffer prior to use for optimal performance.

COMPONENT  VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
 (lilac) NEBNext Single Cell RT Buffer
5 µl
 (lilac) NEBNext Template Switching Oligo
1 µl
 (lilac) NEBNext Single Cell RT Enzyme Mix 2 µl
Nuclease-free water
3 µl
Total Volume
11 µl

1.4.2. Mix thoroughly by pipetting up and down several times, then centrifuge briefly to collect solutions to the bottom of tubes.

1.4.3. Combine 11 µl of the RT mix (above) with 9 µl of the annealed sample (Step 1.3.3). Mix well by pipetting up and down at least 10 times, and centrifuge briefly.

1.4.4.Incubate the reaction in a thermocycler with the following steps and the heated lid set to 105°C:

90 minutes at 42°C
10 minutes at 70°C
Hold at 4°C

 Safe Stopping Point: Samples can be safely stored overnight at 4°C or –20°C.


1.5. cDNA Amplification by PCR

1.5.1. Prepare cDNA amplification mix as follows:

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
 (orange) NEBNext Single Cell cDNA PCR Master Mix
50 µl
 (orange) NEBNext Single Cell cDNA PCR Primer
2 µl
Nuclease-free water
28 µl
Total Volume
80 µl

1.5.2. Add 80 µl cDNA amplification mix to 20 µl of the sample from Step 1.4.4. Mix by pipetting up and down at least 10 times.

1.5.3. Incubate the reaction in a thermocycler with the following PCR cycling conditions and the heated lid set to 105°C:

CYCLE STEP
TEMP TIME
CYCLES
Initial Denaturation 98°C
45 seconds 1
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
98°C
62°C
72°C
10 seconds
15 seconds
3 minutes

11–21*
(see next table)
Final Extension 72°C
5 minutes 1
Hold 4°C

 

Recommended Number of PCR Cycles

RNA CONTENT OF CELL OR CELL TYPE

RECOMMENDED NUMBER OF PCR CYCLES*
Hek293 Single Cell
18
HeLa Single Cell
17
Jurkat Single Cell 20
Mouse M1 Cells 20
10 cells 14–17
100 cells 11–14
2 pg 20–21
10 pg 17–18
100 pg 14–15
   

*Note: The amount of RNA in your sample should be used to determine the appropriate number of PCR cycles. If you are starting with single cells not listed above, a PCR cycle titration can be done to determine the appropriate number of PCR cycles for your sample.

For the various inputs listed above, the recommended PCR cycles will typically result in cDNA yields between 5–15 ng. We recommend quantifying the cDNA after the cleanup (Section 1.6) before proceeding to the library preparation (Sections 1.8–1.13). The total RNA used for the above recommendations is Universal Human Reference (UHR) RNA. When using other sources of starting material, some optimization may be necessary due to variations in mRNA amounts.

 Safe Stopping Point: Samples can be safely stored overnight at 4°C or –20°C.

 

1.6. Cleanup of Amplified cDNA

1.6.1. Allow the NEBNext Bead Reconstitution Buffer and the SPRI® beads (if stored at 4°C) to warm to room temperature for at least 30 minutes before use. Vortex SPRI Beads to resuspend well and prepare fresh 80% ethanol.

1.6.2. Add 60 µl (0.6X of sample volume) resuspended beads to the PCR reaction. Mix well by pipetting up and down at least 10 times. Be careful to expel all of the liquid out of the tip during the last mix. Alternatively, samples can be mixed by vortexing for 3–5 seconds on high. If centrifuging samples after mixing, be sure to stop the centrifugation before the beads start to settle out.

1.6.3. Incubate samples on the bench top for at least 5 minutes at room temperature.

1.6.4. Place the tube/plate on an appropriate magnetic stand to separate the beads from the supernatant. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing on the magnetic stand.

1.6.5.After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain cDNA (Caution: do not discard the beads).

1.6.6. Add 200 µl of 80% freshly prepared ethanol to the tube/plate while in the magnetic stand. Incubate at room temperature for 30 seconds, and then carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain cDNA.

1.6.7. Repeat Step 1.6.6 once for a total of two washes. Be sure to remove all visible liquid after the second wash. If necessary, briefly spin the tube/plate, place back on the magnet and remove traces of ethanol.

1.6.8. Air dry the beads for up to 5 minutes while the tube/plate is on the magnetic stand with the lid open.

Caution: Do not over-dry the beads. This may result in lower recovery of cDNA. Elute the samples when the beads are still dark brown and glossy looking, but when all visible liquid has evaporated. When the beads turn lighter brown and start to crack they are too dry.

1.6.9. Remove the tube/plate from the magnetic stand. Elute the cDNA from the beads by adding 50 µl of 0.1X TE (dilute 1X TE Buffer 1:10 in water).

1.6.10. Mix well by pipetting up and down 10 times, or on a vortex mixer. Incubate for at least 2 minutes at room temperature. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing back on the magnetic stand.

1.6.11. Add 45 µl of NEBNext Bead Reconstitution Buffer to the eluted cDNA + bead mixture from Step 1.6.10 for a second sample clean up. Mix well by pipetting up and down at least 10 times (Caution: Skipping this additional cleanup step may reduce overall cDNA purity).

1.6.12. Incubate samples on the bench top for at least 5 minutes at room temperature.

1.6.13. Place the tube/plate on an appropriate magnetic stand to separate the beads from the supernatant. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing on the magnetic stand.

1.6.14. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain cDNA (Caution: do not discard the beads).

1.6.15. Add 200 µl of 80% freshly prepared ethanol to the tube/plate while in the magnetic stand. Incubate at room temperature for 30 seconds, and then carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain cDNA.

1.6.16. Repeat Step 1.6.15 once for a total of two washes. Be sure to remove all visible liquid after the second wash. If necessary, briefly spin the tube/plate, place back on the magnet and remove traces of ethanol.

1.6.17. Air dry the beads for up to 5 minutes while the tube/plate is on the magnetic stand with the lid open.

Caution: Do not over-dry the beads. This may result in lower recovery of cDNA. Elute the samples when the beads are still dark brown and glossy looking, but when all visible liquid has evaporated. When the beads turn lighter brown and start to crack they are too dry.

1.6.18. Remove the tube/plate from the magnetic stand. Elute the cDNA from the beads by adding 33 µl of 1X TE (provided in kit).

1.6.19. Mix well by pipetting up and down 10 times, or on a vortex mixer. Incubate for at least 2 minutes at room temperature. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing back on the magnetic stand.

1.6.20. Place the tube/plate on the magnetic stand. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), transfer 30 µl to a new PCR tube.

 Safe Stopping Point: Samples can be safely stored overnight at 4°C or –20°C.

1.7. Assess Amplified cDNA Quality and Quantity on a Bioanalyzer

1.7.1. Run 1 µl of amplified cDNA from Step 1.6.20 on a DNA High Sensitivity Chip.

Figure 1.7.1: Example of cDNA size distribution on a Bioanalyzer.

page-12
HeLa single cell was used to synthesize cDNA and amplified using 17 PCR cycles.

Note: 100 pg–20 ng purified cDNA can be used in the library construction protocol (Sections 1.8–1.13). If using cDNA outside the range of 100 pg–20 ng (as determined in Section 1.7), adjust the PCR cycles to amplify the adaptor ligated DNA. For details, see Step 1.11 in this protocol.

 

1.8. Fragmentation/End Prep

1.8.1. Ensure that the NEBNext Ultra II FS Reaction Buffer is completely thawed. If a precipitate is seen in the buffer, pipette up and down several times to break it up, and quickly vortex to mix. Place on ice until use.

1.8.2. Vortex the NEBNext Ultra II FS Enzyme Mix 5–8 seconds prior to use and place on ice.

Note: It is important to vortex the enzyme mix prior to use for optimal performance.

1.8.3. Add the following components to a 0.2 ml thin wall PCR tube on ice:

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
cDNA (Step 1.6.20)
26 µl
 (yellow) NEBNext Ultra II FS Reaction Buffer
7 µl
 (yellow) NEBNext Ultra II FS Reaction
2 µl
Total Volume
35 µl

1.8.4. Vortex the reaction for 5 seconds and briefly spin in a microcentrifuge.

1.8.5. In a thermocycler, with the heated lid set to 75°C, run the following program:

25 minutes at 37°C
30 minutes at 65°C
Hold at 4°C

 Safe Stopping Point: If necessary, samples can be stored at –20°C; however, a slight loss in yield (~20%) may be observed. We recommend continuing with adaptor ligation before stopping.

 

1.9.Adaptor Ligation

1.9.1. Dilute  (red) NEBNext Adaptor for Illumina by 25-fold (0.6 µM) in the NEBNext Adaptor Dilution Buffer (provided).

1.9.2. Mix the NEBNext Ultra II Ligation Master Mix by pipetting up and down several times.

1.9.3. Add the following components directly to the FS Reaction Mixture on ice:

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
FS Reaction Mixture (Step 1.8.5) 35 µl
 (red) NEBNext Ultra II Ligation Master Mix
30 µl
 (red) NEBNext Ligation Enhancer 1 µl
 (red) NEBNextAdaptor for Illumina* (diluted 1:25) 2.5 µl
Total Volume
68.5 µl

 

*The NEBNext adaptor is provided in the NEBNext Oligo kit. NEB has several Oligo kit options, which are supplied separately from the library prep kit.

Note: The ligation master mix and ligation enhancer can be mixed ahead of time and the mixture is stable for at least 8 hours @ 4°C. The adaptor should be added separately to each sample (not premixed with ligation master mix and enhancer) for optimal results.

1.9.4. Set a 100 µl or 200 µl pipette to 50 µl and then pipette the entire volume up and down at least 10 times to mix thoroughly. Perform a quick spin to collect all liquid from the sides of the tube. (Caution: The NEBNext Ultra II Ligation Master Mix is very viscous. Care should be taken to ensure adequate mixing of the ligation reaction, as incomplete mixing will result in reduced ligation efficiency. The presence of a small amount of bubbles will not interfere with performance).

1.9.5. Incubate at 20°C for 15 minutes in a thermocycler with the heated lid off.

1.9.6. Add 3 µl of  (red) USER® Enzyme to the ligation mixture from Step 1.9.5.

Note: Steps 1.9.6 and 1.9.7 are only required for use with NEBNext Adaptors. USER enzyme can be found in NEBNext oligo kits.

1.9.7.Mix well and incubate at 37°C for 15 minutes with the heated lid set to ≥ 47°C.

 Safe Stopping Point: Samples can be safely stored overnight at –20°C.

 

1.10. Cleanup of Adaptor-ligated DNA

Note: The following bead volumes may not work properly for a cleanup at a different step in the workflow, or if this is a second cleanup at this step. For cleanups of samples contained in different buffer conditions, the volumes may need to be experimentally determined.

1.10.1. If stored at 4°C allow the SPRI beads to warm to room temperature for at least 30 minutes before use. Vortex SPRI beads to resuspend well and prepare fresh 80% ethanol.

1.10.2. Add 57 µl (0.8X of sample volume) resuspended beads to the PCR reaction. Mix well by pipetting up and down at least 10 times. Be careful to expel all of the liquid out of the tip during the last mix. Alternatively, samples can be mixed by vortexing for 3–5 seconds on high. If centrifuging samples after mixing, be sure to stop the centrifugation before the beads start to settle out.

1.10.3. Incubate samples on the bench top for at least 5 minutes at room temperature.

1.10.4. Place the tube/plate on an appropriate magnetic stand to separate the beads from the supernatant. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing on the magnetic stand.

1.10.5. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain DNA targets (Caution: do not discard the beads).

1.10.6. Add 200 µl of 80% freshly prepared ethanol to the tube/ plate while in the magnetic stand. Incubate at room temperature for 30 seconds, and then carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain DNA targets.

1.10.7. Repeat Step 1.10.6 once for a total of two washes. Be sure to remove all visible liquid after the second wash. If necessary, briefly spin the tube/plate, place back on the magnet and remove traces of ethanol.

1.10.8. Air dry the beads for up to 5 minutes while the tube/plate is on the magnetic stand with the lid open.

Caution: Do not over-dry the beads. This may result in lower recovery of DNA. Elute the samples when the beads are still dark brown and glossy looking, but when all visible liquid has evaporated. When the beads turn lighter brown and start to crack they are too dry.

1.10.9. Remove the tube/plate from the magnetic stand. Elute the DNA target from the beads by adding 17 µl of 0.1X TE (dilute 1X TE Buffer 1:10 in water).

1.10.10. Mix well by pipetting up and down 10 times, or on a vortex mixer. Incubate for at least 2 minutes at room temperature. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing back on the magnetic stand.

1.10.11. Place the tube/plate on the magnetic stand. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), transfer 15 µl to a new PCR tube.

1.10.12. Proceed to PCR Enrichment of Adaptor-ligated DNA in Section 1.11.

 Safe Stopping Point: Samples can be safely stored overnight at 4°C or –20°C.

 

1.11. PCR Enrichment of Adaptor-ligated DNA

 Use Option A for any NEBNext oligo kit where index primers are supplied in tubes. These kits have the forward and reverse primers supplied in separate tubes.

Use Option B for any NEBNext oligo kit where index primers are supplied in a 96-well plate format. These kits have the forward and reverse (i7 and i5) primers combined.

 

1.11.1. Combine the following components in a sterile tube:

1.11.1A. Forward and Reverse Primers Supplied Separately

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
Adaptor Ligated DNA Fragments (Step 1.9.11)
15 µl
 (blue) NEBNext Ultra II Q5 Master Mix
25 µl
 (blue) Index Primer/i7 Primer *, ** 5 µl
 (blue) Universal Primer/i5 Primer *, **
5 µl
Total Volume
50 µl

*NEBNext Oligos must be purchased separately from the library prep kit. Refer to the corresponding NEBNext Oligo kit manual for determining valid barcode combinations.

**Use only one i7 primer/ index primer per sample. Use only one i5 primer (or the universal primer for single index kits) per sample.

1.11.1B.Forward and Reverse Primers Already Combined

COMPONENT VOLUME (μl) PER REACTION
Adaptor Ligated DNA Fragments (Step 1.9.11)
15 µl
 (blue) NEBNext Ultra II Q5 Master Mix
25 µl
Index Primer Mix*  10 µl
Total Volume
50 µl

*NEBNext Oligos must be purchased separately from the library prep kit. Refer to the corresponding NEBNext Oligo kit manual for determining valid barcode combinations.

 

1.11.2. Set a 100 µl or 200 µl pipette to 40 µl and then pipette the entire volume up and down at least 10 times to mix thoroughly. Perform a quick spin to collect all liquid from the sides of the tube.

1.11.3. Place the tube on a thermocycler and perform PCR amplification using the following PCR cycling conditions:

CYCLE STEP
TEMP TIME
CYCLES
Initial Denaturation 98°C
30 seconds 1
Denaturation
Annealing
98°C
65°C
10 seconds
75 seconds
  8*
Final Extension 65°C
5 minutes 1
Hold 4°C

*If your cDNA input is outside the input range of 1 ng– 20 ng,adjust the PCR cycle numbers accordingly.  For cDNA input of 1 ng–20 ng, the typical Illumina library yield, using 8 PCR cycles, is 100 ng–1 µg.

 

1.12. Cleanup of PCR Reaction

1.12.1. If stored at 4°C allow the SPRI beads to warm to room temperature for at least 30 minutes before use. Vortex SPRI beads to resuspend well and prepare fresh 80% ethanol.

1.12.2. Add 45 µl (0.9X of sample volume) resuspended beads to the PCR reaction. Mix well by pipetting up and down at least 10 times. Be careful to expel all of the liquid out of the tip during the last mix. Vortexing for 3–5 seconds on high can also be used. If centrifuging samples after mixing, be sure to stop the centrifugation before the beads start to settle out.

1.12.3. Incubate samples on bench top for at least 5 minutes at room temperature.

1.12.4.  Place the tube/plate on an appropriate magnetic stand to separate the beads from the supernatant. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing on the magnetic stand.

1.12.5. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain DNA targets (Caution: do not discard the beads).

1.12.6. Add 200 µl of 80% freshly prepared ethanol to the tube/ plate while in the magnetic stand. Incubate at room temperature for 30 seconds, and then carefully remove and discard the supernatant. Be careful not to disturb the beads that contain DNA targets.

1.12.7. Repeat Step 1.12.6 once for a total of two washes. Be sure to remove all visible liquid after the second wash. If necessary, briefly spin the tube/plate, place back on the magnet and remove traces of ethanol.

1.12.8. Air dry the beads for up to 5 minutes while the tube/plate is on the magnetic stand with the lid open.

Caution: Do not over-dry the beads. This may result in lower recovery of DNA. Elute the samples when the beads are still dark brown and glossy looking, but when all visible liquid has evaporated. When the beads turn lighter brown and start to crack they are too dry.

1.12.9. Remove the tube/plate from the magnetic stand. Elute the DNA target from the beads by adding 33 µl of 0.1X TE (dilute 1X TE Buffer 1:10 in water).

1.12.10. Mix well by pipetting up and down 10 times, or on a vortex mixer. Incubate for at least 2 minutes at room temperature. If necessary, quickly spin the sample to collect the liquid from the sides of the tube or plate wells before placing back on the magnetic stand.

1.12.11. Place the tube/plate on the magnetic stand. After 5 minutes (or when the solution is clear), transfer 30 µl to a new PCR tube. Libraries can be stored at -20°C.

 

1.13. Assess Library Quality and Quantity on a Bioanalyzer

1.13.1. Dilute library (from Step 1.12.11) 5-fold in 0.1X TE Buffer (inputs ≤ 1 ng may not require dilution to run on a Bioanalyzer).

1.13.2. Run 1 µl on a DNA High Sensitivity Chip.

1.13.3.Check that the electropherogram shows a narrow distribution with a peak size of 300–350 bp.

Note: If a peak ~80 bp (primers) or 128 bp (adaptor-dimer) is visible in the Bioanalyzer trace, bring up the sample volume (from Step 1.12.11.) to 50 µl with 0.1X TE Buffer and repeat the cleanup of PCR Reaction as described in Section 1.12. You may see adaptor-dimer when starting with inputs ≤ 1 ng.

 

Figure 1.13.1: Example of final library size distribution on a Bioanalyzer.


page-19

HeLa single cell cDNA was used in library preparation. Shown here is a 1:5 dilution of final library.