T7 Express Crystal is a metB1 derivative of T7 Express (NEB #C2566 ). 50 µg/ml L-seleno-methionine may be substituted with 100 µg/ml of D/L isomer mix. For this we recommend using Seleno-DL-methionine from Sigma (S-3875) as a 10 mg/ml stock in dH2O. For enhanced growth, add 0.0002% ferric ammonium citrate to minimal media. For this we recommend Ferric Ammonium Citrate from Fisher (#I72-500)/as this product also provides trace metals. Filter sterilize prior to use. Transformed cells may be plated on rich agar. To produce a starter culture, inoculate a single colony into 10 ml minimal media plus 50 µg/ml L-methionine – grow up to 24 hours to achieve saturation.
- Incorporation using a regulated expression system (e.g. T7-lac promoter):
- Add 10 ml starter culture to 1L minimal media supplemented with 50 µg/ml L-methionine. Grow to mid-log phase (O.D. 0.6–0.8).
- Pellet cells and resuspend in fresh, pre-warmed minimal expression media without methionine or seleno-methionine.
- Grow for 2.5 hours at 37°C to deplete cells of methionine (longer if using a lower temperature).
- Add 50 µg/ml L-seleno-methionine or 100 µg/ml D/L isomer mix.
- Incubate for 30 minutes at 37°C.
- Add inducer and incubate 3 hours to overnight.
- Incorporation with a constitutive expression system:
To produce a starter culture, inoculate a single colony into 10 ml minimal media plus 50 µg/ml L-methionine – grow up to 24 hours to achieve saturation.
- Prepare minimal expression media with a 10:50 ratio of L-Met to L-SeMet to achieve maximal growth rate (e.g. 10 µg/ml L-methionine to 100 µg/ml D/L-selenomethionine). This ratio will result in approximately 83% SeMet labeling of expressed protein.
- Use the same expression conditions previously optimized for your protein of interest.
- If a higher level of SeMet labeling is desired, spike with 100 µg/ml D/L-selenomethionine at mid-log to late-log phase of growth.
- Minimal media (per liter):
200 ml 5X M9 salts (Sambrook et al.)
20 ml 20% glucose (0.4% final conc)
0.1 ml 1 M CaCl2 (0.1 mM final conc)
2 ml 1 M MgSO4 (2 mM final conc)
0.2 ml 1% ferric ammonium citrate (0.0002% final conc)
Met, SeMet or Met/SeMet mix
Antibiotic for plasmid selection
Sterilized dH2O to 1 L