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Isothermal Amplification & Strand Displacement

New England Biolab’s broad suite of enzyme reagents can support most of the approaches to isothermal amplification: nicking enzymes, RNA polymerases, strand-displacing DNA polymerases of a wide temperature range, and other enzymes provide a broad portfolio to assemble and design your isothermal amplification platform. 

Molecular diagnostic applications require high levels of consistency and the ability to set up reactions at room temperature or in high throughput formats. To address these needs in the isothermal space, NEB has created reversible inhibitors for many of the enzymes used in these workflows. Whereas traditional hot start mechanisms (e.g., chemical modifications and antibodies) require high heat steps to reverse inhibition, aptamers selected to control isothermally-relevant enzymes (Bst 2.0 DNA polymerase, WarmStart® RTx and Luna reverse transcriptases, etc.) dissociate from their targets at much lower temperatures, enabling their use in these rapid and lower temperature workflows. For more information on controlling enzyme activity with aptamers, refer to this article

In additional to enzyme control, NEB has engineered new variants of Bst large fragment to increase reaction speed, thermostability, robustness and inhibitor tolerance, as well as enhanced reverse transcriptase activity for single-enzyme RNA/DNA detection approaches (Bst 2.0, Bst 3.0). WarmStart RTx can be combined with the new Bst polymerases for optimum RNA detection. Additionally, our unique Colorimetric LAMP Master Mix includes a color-changing visual indicator for simple, rapid identification of amplification that does not require sophisticated instrumentation.

To additionally support diagnostic needs, many of the isothermal products and enzymes are available without glycerol and at custom concentrations for lyophilization or specific platform needs. Contact our NEBSolutions OEM team with any request for enzymes in a format different from what is listed on a product page.
Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Workflow
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) uses 4-6 primers recognizing 6-8 distinct regions of target DNA. A strand-displacing DNA polymerase initiates synthesis and 2 of the primers form loop structures to facilitate subsequent rounds of amplification.

Strand Displacement Amplification workflow
Strand Displacement Amplification (SDA) utilizes two outer “bump” primers and two inner primers with 5’ tail regions that contain a nicking enzyme recognition site. In conjunction with a nicking enzyme (e.g., Nt.BstNBI), amplification of discrete DNA products occurs in rapid fashion.

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FAQs for Isothermal Amplification & Strand Displacement
Protocols for Isothermal Amplification & Strand Displacement
    Publications related to Isothermal Amplification & Strand Displacement
  1. Trisadee Khamlor, Petai Pongpiachan, Rangsun Parnpai, Kanchana Punyawai, Siwat Sangsritavong, Nipa Chokesajjawatee 2015. Bovine embryo sex determination by multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Theriogenology. 83, PubMedID: 25542460, DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2014.11.025
  2. Mohammad Reza Allahyar Torkaman, Kazunari Kamachi, Vajihe Sadat Nikbin, Masoumeh Nakhost Lotfi, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi 2015. Comparison of loop-mediated isothermal amplification and real-time PCR for detecting Bordetella pertussis. J Med Microbiol. 64, PubMedID: 25596118, DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.000021
  3. DoKyung Lee, Eun Jin Kim, Paul E Kilgore, Soon Ae Kim, Hideyuki Takahashi, Makoto Ohnishi, Dang Duc Anh, Bai Qing Dong, Jung Soo Kim, Jun Tomono, Shigehiko Miyamoto, Tsugunori Notomi, Dong Wook Kim, Mitsuko Seki 2015. Clinical Evaluation of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for Rapid Detection of Neisseria meningitidis in Cerebrospinal Fluid. PLoS One. 10, PubMedID: 25853422, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122922
  4. Aongart Mahittikorn, Hirotake Mori, Supaluk Popruk, Amonrattana Roobthaisong, Chantira Sutthikornchai, Khuanchai Koompapong, Sukhontha Siri, Yaowalark Sukthana, Duangporn Nacapunchai 2015. Development of a Rapid, Simple Method for Detecting Naegleria fowleri Visually in Water Samples by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP). PLoS One. 10, PubMedID: 25822175, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120997
  5. Manabu Nemoto, Yoshinori Morita, Hidekazu Niwa, Hiroshi Bannai, Koji Tsujimura, Takashi Yamanaka, Takashi Kondo 2015. Rapid detection of equine coronavirus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification. J Virol Methods. 215-216, PubMedID: 25682750, DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2015.02.001
  6. Sanchita Bhadra, Yu Sherry Jiang, Mia R Kumar, Reed F Johnson, Lisa E Hensley, Andrew D Ellington 2015. Real-Time Sequence-Validated Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Detection of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). PLoS One. 10, PubMedID: 25856093, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123126
  7. Tanner NA, Evans TC Jr. 2014. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of nucleic acids Curr Protoc Mol Biol. 105, PubMedID: 24510439, DOI:
  8. Schoepp NG, Schlappi TS, Curtis MS, et al. 2017. Rapid pathogen-specific phenotypic antibiotic susceptibility testing using digital LAMP quantification in clinical samples Sci Transl Med. 9(410):eaal3693, PubMedID: 28978750, DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aal3693
  9. Calvert AE, Biggerstaff BJ, Tanner NA, Lauterbach M, Lanciotti RS. 2017. Rapid colorimetric detection of Zika virus from serum and urine specimens by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) PLoS One. 12(9):e0185340, PubMedID: 28945787, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185340
  10. Mao D , Chen T , Chen H , et al. 2019. pH-Based immunoassay: explosive generation of hydrogen ions through an immuno-triggered nucleic acid exponential amplification reaction Analyst. 144(13):4060–4065, PubMedID: 31165121, DOI: 10.1039/c9an00506d
  11. Nzelu CO, Kato H, Peters NC. 2019. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP): An advanced molecular point-of-care technique for the detection of Leishmania infection PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 13(11):e0007698, PubMedID: 31697673, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007698
  12. Toldrà A, O'Sullivan CK, Campàs M. 2019. Detecting Harmful Algal Blooms with Isothermal Molecular Strategies Trends Biotechnol. 37(12):1278–1281, PubMedID: 31399265, DOI: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2019.07.003
  13. Zhang M, Ye J, He JS, et al. 2020. Visual detection for nucleic acid-based techniques as potential on-site detection methods. A review. Anal Chim Acta. 1099:1–15, PubMedID: 31986265, DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.11.056
DNA Polymerase Selection Chart
NEB offers a guidelines for choosing the correct DNA polymerase for your application by providing a list of specific properites.
Several factors govern which polymerase should be used in a given application, including: 

Template/product specificity: Is RNA or DNA involved? Is the 3´ terminus at a gap, nick or at the end of the template? 

Removal of existing nucleotides: Will the nucleotide(s) be removed from the existing polynucleotide chain as part of the protocol? If so, will they be removed from the 5´ or the 3´ end? 

Thermal stability: Does the polymerase need to survive incubation at high temperature or is heat inactivation desirable? 

Fidelity: Will subsequent sequence analysis or expression depend on the fidelity of the synthesized products?

Legal Information
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While NEB develops and validates its products for various applications, the use of this product may require the buyer to obtain additional third party intellectual property rights for certain applications.

For more information about commercial rights, please contact NEB's Global Business Development team at [email protected].

This product is intended for research purposes only. This product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.