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Methyltransferases for Epigenetics

DNA methyltransferases are enzymes that modify DNA by adding a methyl group to either cytosines or adenines depending on the specificity of the enzyme. DNA methyltransferases can be used experimentally to methylate DNA at specific sites for gene expression studies. Our selection includes CpG methyltransferase (NEB #M0226), which is especially useful for studying CpG methylation effects. These enzymes are also useful for producing positive controls for methylation-specific PCR or bisulfite sequencing.

Several protein methyltransferases (G9A (NEB #M0235), SET7 (NEB #M0233), PRMT1 (NEB #M0234)) are also available for the methylation of specific lysine and arginine residues in Histone H3 and H4 in gene regulation studies.

FAQs for Methyltransferases for Epigenetics

Protocols for Methyltransferases for Epigenetics

Applications

  • Positive controls for methylation specific PCR or bisulfite sequencing
  • CpG-methylated gene expression studies
  • Nucleosome footprinting

Types of Histone Modifications

Amino Acid Modification
Lysine Methylation, Acetylation,
Ubiquitination, Sumoylation,
ADP-Ribosylation
Arginine Methylation
Serine Phosphorylation
Threonine Phosphorylation

Types of DNA Modifications

References

  1. Kim, J.K., Samaranayake, M. and Pradhan S. (2009) Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 66, 596-612. PMID: 18985277
  2. Vanyushin, B.F. (2006) Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 301, 67-122. PMID: 16570846
  3. Mosher, R.A., Melnyk, C.W. (2010) Trends Plant Sci. 15, 204-210. PMID: 20129810
  4. Lyko, F., Beisel, C., Marhold, J., Paro, R. (2006) Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 310, 23-44. PMID: 16909905
  5. Selker, E.U., Freitag, M., Kothe, G.O., et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 99, Suppl 4, 16485-16490. PMID: 12189210
  6. Kriaucionis, S. and Heintz, N. (2009) Science 324, 929-930. PMID: 19372393
  7. Tahiliani, M., Koh, K. P., Shen, Y., et al. (2009) Science 324, 930-935. PMID: 19372391
  8. Ehrlich, M., Wilson, G.G., Kuo, K.C., And Gehrke, C.W. (1987) J. Bacteriol. 169, 939-943. PMID: 3029036
  9. Svadbina, I.V., Zelinskaya, N.V., Kovalevskaya, N.P., Zheleznaya, L.A. and Matvienko, N.I. (2004) Biochem. (Moscow) 69, 299-305. PMID: 15061697
  10. Ratel, D., Ravanat, J-L., Berger, F. and Wion D. (2006) Bioessays 28, 309-315. PMID: 16479578
  11. Marinus, M.G. and Casadesus, J. (2009) FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 33, 488-503. PMID: 19175412

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This product is intended for research purposes only. This product is not intended to be used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes in humans or animals.

  1. What is Epigenetics?

    What Is Epigenetics?

    If all cells are created from the same genetic material, why are there so many different cell types? Listen to Sriharsa Pradhan, Senior Scientist, RNA Biology at NEB, as he describes how DNA is methylated and how this affects the path of reading the DNA code the same way an obstruction would derail a train off its tracks.